One of the most common investment questions Canadians ask themselves today is, “Which is better, TFSA or RRSP”?
Here’s the good news – it doesn’t have to be an either or choice. Why not do both? Below are the features of both plans to help you understand the differences.
Tax Free Savings Account (TFSA)
- Any Canadian resident age 18 or over may open a TFSA. Contribution is not based on earned income. There is no maximum age for contribution.
- Maximum contribution is $5,500 per year starting in 2013 ($5,000 per year for the period of 2009-2012). In 2015, the maximum contribution was increased to $10,000 by the Harper government. This increase may be short lived as the Liberals have stated they will reduce the maximum back to the previous limit. In the meantime, you can take advantage of the $10,000 limit. The contribution must be made by December 31st.
- There is carry forward room for each year in which the maximum contribution was not made.
- The deposit is not tax deductible, but the funds accumulate with no income tax payable on growth.
- Withdrawals may be made at any time on an income tax-free basis. Withdrawals create additional deposit room commencing in the year after withdrawal.
Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP)
- No minimum age for contributing, but must have earned income sufficient to generate RRSP contribution room.
- Maximum contribution is 18% of earned income based on your previous year’s earnings to a maximum of $24,930 (for 2015).
- There are carry forward provisions for years not contributing.
- Contribution is tax deductible from earned income, and the funds accumulate on a tax deferred basis.
- All withdrawals are taxable as income at top rate of tax based on earnings in the year of withdrawal.
- RRSP ends in year contributor turns age 71, when the RRSP must be converted to a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF) or life annuity and taxable income taken.
The advantages and disadvantages of both
- Both programs provide for no tax on the earnings on the contributions, no difference there; however, only the TFSA allows for tax-free withdrawals.
- A good habit to get into is to reinvest the tax savings from your RRSP contribution. This maximizes your retirement savings with additional tax-deferred growth.
- Or you might want to consider using your tax savings or refund created by your RRSP contribution to fund your contribution to your TFSA.
- Be careful not to over value your RRSP balance. The total value of your RRSP will be reduced by the tax payable upon withdrawal. Tax is also payable upon death if the beneficiary is anyone other than spouse.
- RRSP works best for those people who will retire in a lower tax bracket.
The bottom line?
Unless the tax savings from the RRSP are routinely reinvested, at the end of the day, there is little or no difference between the results of a TFSA or an RRSP.
Want maximum results? Take your RRSP tax savings and reinvest it to have great impact on your retirement savings.
- If you invest $5,000 per year in an RRSP for 20 years at 5% compound growth, tax-deferred at the end of 20 years you will have $173,596.
- If you were to invest the $1,750 tax savings (based on a 35% tax bracket) for 20 years your RRSP will grow to $234,355. That is an additional $60,759 in your retirement savings!
- Of course, you could choose to reinvest the RRSP tax savings of $1,750 in a TFSA where it will accumulate tax free to the same $60,759 but the advantage here is you can withdraw this without tax.
Please call me if you want to discuss how you can optimize the use of both of these retirement vehicles. As always, feel free to use the social sharing buttons below to share this article with a friend or family member you think might find this information of value.